Khadki was the original name of the village which was made a capital city by Malik Ambar
The Prime Minister of Murtaza Nizam, Shah of Ahmadnagar. Within a decade, Khadki grew into a populous and imposing city.
In 1653 when Mughal prince Aurangzeb was appointed the viceroy of the Deccan for the second time, he made Fatehnagar his capital and renamed it Aurangabad.
The entire area is covered by the Deccan Traps lava flows of Upper Cretaceous to Lower Eocene age.
The lava flows are overlain by thin alluvial deposits along the Kham and Sukhana river.
The lava flows are individually different in their ability to receive as well as hold water in storage and to transmit it.
The basaltic lava flows belonging to the Deccan Trap is the only major geological formation occurring in Aurangabad. The lava flows are horizontal and each flow has two distinct units.
It is divided into six zones. The Municipal Council was established in 1936, the Municipal Council area was about 54.5 km2.
It was elevated to the status of Municipal Corporation from 8 December 1982, and simultaneously including eighteen peripheral villages, making total area under its jurisdiction to 138.5 km2 extended its limits.
Aurangabad division is one of the six administrative divisions of Maharashtra state in India.
Aurangabad divisions almost completely coincides with the Marathwada region of Maharashtra.
Aurangabad Airport (Chikkalthana Airport) is an airport serving the city.
Has connecting flights to Hyderabad, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Tirupati and Thiruvananthapuram.
In 2008, flights were made available to the people travelling to the Hajj pilgrimage.
Aurangabad railway station is the major railway station under Nanded railway division.
As one of the largest cities in India, and as a result of its many colleges and universities, Aurangabad is emerging as a prominent location for IT and manufacturing.
In 2010, Aurangabad was in news for placing single largest order for Mercedes Benz cars in a single transaction in India — 150 Mercedes Benz cars worth ₹65 crore.
Without a local Mercedes-Benz showroom and encountering an indifferent Mercedes-Benz dealer in the nearest city, a group of successful citizens pooled their orders and negotiated a record agreement with the firm.
Aurangabad has schools run by the Aurangabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) and private schools owned and run by trusts and individuals.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University (BAMU) is located in Aurangabad city.
Government College of Engineering, Aurangabad is an autonomous engineering college. It was affiliated to the Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University and was established in 1960. The construction of the college was started in 1957 and was completed in 1960.
Maulana Azad College of Arts and Science was founded in 1963 by Dr.Rafiq Zakaria, who formed a trust called Maulana Azad Education Society to manage the affairs.